Bihar has many tags attached to it. The state owns the pride of establishing one of the first democracies in the world called Lichhavi. Also, the world’s first University was established in the state of Bihar. The word Bihar is actually derived from the world Vihara, which means ‘monastery’. The state with a rich cultural heritage dating back to centuries, Bihar is home to religious monuments linked to various religions.
So, in case you have underestimated the travel aspects of the state, here is the eye-opener. Let’s take a look at some of the top highlights that attract travelers from all over the world.
The Nalanda University is the first university of the world established here in Bihar. The first residential university in the world, Nalanda has contributed the most in imparting knowledge. There were 2000 teachers in the university and the total number of students in the university was 10000, who came from different parts of the world to learn at Bihar. The uniqueness of the university can be estimated from the fact that Buddha himself was a teacher at the Nalanda University and the famous Chinese traveler- Hieun Tsang was a student at the university. Built in Kushana architectural style using red rocks, the Nalanda University (now in ruins) is also an important archaeological site from where findings such as stupas, lecture halls, ornamented panels, and stairway had been excavated.
The famous Bodhi Tree is the place where King Siddhartha gained enlightenment and became Buddha. Located at a distance of 100 km from the state capital-Patna, the Bodhi Tree is a very famous attraction of Bihar Tourism and achieves a lot of attention from tourists in Bihar. A major pilgrim center for the people of Buddhism, the place is a declared UNESCO heritage site with an international appeal. The Maha Bodhi Temple located nearby is a famous attraction you can consider for a visit during your tour with Bihar Tourism packages. Suggested Tour - 09 Nights / 10 Days Buddhist Tour
One of the most visited attractions in Bodh gaya, the Muchalinda Lake is a place named after the Snake King Muchalinda. It is said that Muchalinda saved Buddha from the rising waves while he was into his 6th week of meditation. The sculpture located nearby depicts the Snake King protecting Buddha in a state of meditation on snake coil.
The Griddhakuta Peak, also known as the vulture peak is situated in Rajgir. The peak resembles the shape of a vulture and is mostly frequented by vultures in large numbers. The peak is also a famous religious sight for Buddhist owing to the fact that Buddha delivered some of his speeches at the peak top. The top of the peak can be reached via a staircase formed by naturally cut rocks. Also, chairlift facilities are available for people who cannot reach the top of the peak on their own.
The Rajgir Hot Springs are a popular tourist attraction situated at the foot of Vaibhava Hills. The springs get water from the Saptadhara, which passes from behind the Saptaparni Caves. The hot springs are believed to possess medicinal properties. The Brahmakund spring with a temperature of 450 Celsius is the hottest springs among all. According to legends, it is believed that Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira have bathed in these springs.
The Buxar Fort was constructed beside the Ganga River in the year 1054 AD. The massive fort with a wonderful architectural heritage speaks the perfection of the artisans of those times. The two famous attractions located near the fort are Gauri Shankar Temple and Nath Baba Temple.
Located near Madhubani in the town of Rajnagar, the Navlakha Palace was built in 17th century A.D. by the maharaja of Darbhangha, Maharaja Rameshwar Singh. Also, known as the Rajnagar palace complex, the Navlakha Palace is one of the most famous attractions of Mithila. The famous Goddess temple located within the temple complex is an important attraction of the palace.
Constructed in honor of Hieun Tsang - the famous Chinese scholar and traveler, the Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall is a famous attraction of Bihar. The Chinese traveler spent more than 12 years at this place on his travel to India. This was also the place where Hieun Tsang learnt yoga from Acharya Shil Bhadra.
Situated in the middle of a lake full of lotuses, the Jalmandir Temple was built by King Nandivardhan – the elder brother of Lord Mahavira. Constructed in the shape of a Vimana, the temple is believed to be the spot where Lord Mahavira attained Samadhi. Also, the cremation place of Lord Mahavira is located within the temple complex. The temple is connected to the banks of the pond via a 600-ft long stone bridge.
The Museum of Patna was constructed in the year 1917 in Rajput and Mughal architecture styles. One of the most famous attractions of the state, the Patna Museum showcases archaeological objects, sculptures, paintings, and images made by artists from Hinduism as well as Buddhism. The highlight of the Museum is the 200 million old fossil of a tree. A visit to the Patna Museum is one of the best ways to take a look at the traditional and cultural life of the state.
Suggested Tour - 03 Nights / 04 Days Patna Buddhist Heritage Break